OpenCV 2.4.1-在Python中计算SURF描述符
computer-vision
opencv
python
5
0

我正在尝试更新代码以使用cv2.SURF()而不是cv2.FeatureDetector_create("SURF")cv2.DescriptorExtractor_create("SURF") 。但是我在检测到关键点后很难获取描述符。调用SURF.detect的正确方法是SURF.detect

我尝试遵循OpenCV文档,但是我有些困惑。这就是文档中所说的。

Python: cv2.SURF.detect(img, mask) → keypoints¶
Python: cv2.SURF.detect(img, mask[, descriptors[, useProvidedKeypoints]]) → keypoints, descriptors

在第二次调用SURF.detect时如何传递关键点?

参考资料:
Stack Overflow
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我不确定我是否正确理解您的问题。但是,如果您正在寻找匹配的SURF关键点示例,则下面是一个非常简单和基本的示例,与模板匹配类似:

import cv2
import numpy as np

# Load the images
img =cv2.imread('messi4.jpg')

# Convert them to grayscale
imgg =cv2.cvtColor(img,cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)

# SURF extraction
surf = cv2.SURF()
kp, descritors = surf.detect(imgg,None,useProvidedKeypoints = False)

# Setting up samples and responses for kNN
samples = np.array(descritors)
responses = np.arange(len(kp),dtype = np.float32)

# kNN training
knn = cv2.KNearest()
knn.train(samples,responses)

# Now loading a template image and searching for similar keypoints
template = cv2.imread('template.jpg')
templateg= cv2.cvtColor(template,cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
keys,desc = surf.detect(templateg,None,useProvidedKeypoints = False)

for h,des in enumerate(desc):
    des = np.array(des,np.float32).reshape((1,128))
    retval, results, neigh_resp, dists = knn.find_nearest(des,1)
    res,dist =  int(results[0][0]),dists[0][0]

    if dist<0.1: # draw matched keypoints in red color
        color = (0,0,255)
    else:  # draw unmatched in blue color
        print dist
        color = (255,0,0)

    #Draw matched key points on original image
    x,y = kp[res].pt
    center = (int(x),int(y))
    cv2.circle(img,center,2,color,-1)

    #Draw matched key points on template image
    x,y = keys[h].pt
    center = (int(x),int(y))
    cv2.circle(template,center,2,color,-1)

cv2.imshow('img',img)
cv2.imshow('tm',template)
cv2.waitKey(0)
cv2.destroyAllWindows()

以下是我得到的结果(使用油漆将粘贴的模板图像复制到原始图像上):

在此处输入图片说明

在此处输入图片说明

如您所见, 这里有一些小错误 。但是对于一家初创公司,希望它可以。

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对上述算法的改进是:

import cv2
import numpy

opencv_haystack =cv2.imread('haystack.jpg')
opencv_needle =cv2.imread('needle.jpg')

ngrey = cv2.cvtColor(opencv_needle, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
hgrey = cv2.cvtColor(opencv_haystack, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)

# build feature detector and descriptor extractor
hessian_threshold = 85
detector = cv2.SURF(hessian_threshold)
(hkeypoints, hdescriptors) = detector.detect(hgrey, None, useProvidedKeypoints = False)
(nkeypoints, ndescriptors) = detector.detect(ngrey, None, useProvidedKeypoints = False)

# extract vectors of size 64 from raw descriptors numpy arrays
rowsize = len(hdescriptors) / len(hkeypoints)
if rowsize > 1:
    hrows = numpy.array(hdescriptors, dtype = numpy.float32).reshape((-1, rowsize))
    nrows = numpy.array(ndescriptors, dtype = numpy.float32).reshape((-1, rowsize))
    #print hrows.shape, nrows.shape
else:
    hrows = numpy.array(hdescriptors, dtype = numpy.float32)
    nrows = numpy.array(ndescriptors, dtype = numpy.float32)
    rowsize = len(hrows[0])

# kNN training - learn mapping from hrow to hkeypoints index
samples = hrows
responses = numpy.arange(len(hkeypoints), dtype = numpy.float32)
#print len(samples), len(responses)
knn = cv2.KNearest()
knn.train(samples,responses)

# retrieve index and value through enumeration
for i, descriptor in enumerate(nrows):
    descriptor = numpy.array(descriptor, dtype = numpy.float32).reshape((1, rowsize))
    #print i, descriptor.shape, samples[0].shape
    retval, results, neigh_resp, dists = knn.find_nearest(descriptor, 1)
    res, dist =  int(results[0][0]), dists[0][0]
    #print res, dist

    if dist < 0.1:
        # draw matched keypoints in red color
        color = (0, 0, 255)
    else:
        # draw unmatched in blue color
        color = (255, 0, 0)
    # draw matched key points on haystack image
    x,y = hkeypoints[res].pt
    center = (int(x),int(y))
    cv2.circle(opencv_haystack,center,2,color,-1)
    # draw matched key points on needle image
    x,y = nkeypoints[i].pt
    center = (int(x),int(y))
    cv2.circle(opencv_needle,center,2,color,-1)

cv2.imshow('haystack',opencv_haystack)
cv2.imshow('needle',opencv_needle)
cv2.waitKey(0)
cv2.destroyAllWindows()

您可以取消注释打印语句,以更好地了解所使用的数据结构。

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