高质量图像缩放库
c#
image
image-manipulation
image-processing
5
0

我想以与Photoshop一样好的质量等级在C#中缩放图像。是否有任何C#图像处理库可用于执行此操作?

参考资料:
Stack Overflow
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共 9 个回答
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尝试使用Graphics.InterpolationMode的其他值。 GDI +中提供了几种典型的缩放算法。如果其中之一足以满足您的需求,则可以采用这种方法,而不是依赖于外部库。

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您可以尝试dotImage ,这是我公司的产品之一,其中包括一个用于对图像进行重采样对象 ,该对象具有18种不同质量级别的滤镜类型

典型用法是:

// BiCubic is one technique available in PhotoShop
ResampleCommand resampler = new ResampleCommand(newSize, ResampleMethod.BiCubic);
AtalaImage newImage = resampler.Apply(oldImage).Image;

此外,dotImage还包含140个奇怪的图像处理命令,其中包括许多类似于PhotoShop的滤镜(如果您正在寻找的内容)。

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这是一个经过很好评论的“图像处理”帮助器类,您可以查看和使用。我将其作为如何在C#中执行某些图像处理任务的示例进行了编写。您将对ResizeImage函数感兴趣,该函数采用System.Drawing.Image,宽度和高度作为参数。

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Imaging;

namespace DoctaJonez.Drawing.Imaging
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Provides various image untilities, such as high quality resizing and the ability to save a JPEG.
    /// </summary>
    public static class ImageUtilities
    {    
        /// <summary>
        /// A quick lookup for getting image encoders
        /// </summary>
        private static Dictionary<string, ImageCodecInfo> encoders = null;

        /// <summary>
        /// A lock to prevent concurrency issues loading the encoders.
        /// </summary>
        private static object encodersLock = new object();

        /// <summary>
        /// A quick lookup for getting image encoders
        /// </summary>
        public static Dictionary<string, ImageCodecInfo> Encoders
        {
            //get accessor that creates the dictionary on demand
            get
            {
                //if the quick lookup isn't initialised, initialise it
                if (encoders == null)
                {
                    //protect against concurrency issues
                    lock (encodersLock)
                    {
                        //check again, we might not have been the first person to acquire the lock (see the double checked lock pattern)
                        if (encoders == null)
                        {
                            encoders = new Dictionary<string, ImageCodecInfo>();

                            //get all the codecs
                            foreach (ImageCodecInfo codec in ImageCodecInfo.GetImageEncoders())
                            {
                                //add each codec to the quick lookup
                                encoders.Add(codec.MimeType.ToLower(), codec);
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }

                //return the lookup
                return encoders;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Resize the image to the specified width and height.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="image">The image to resize.</param>
        /// <param name="width">The width to resize to.</param>
        /// <param name="height">The height to resize to.</param>
        /// <returns>The resized image.</returns>
        public static System.Drawing.Bitmap ResizeImage(System.Drawing.Image image, int width, int height)
        {
            //a holder for the result
            Bitmap result = new Bitmap(width, height);
            //set the resolutions the same to avoid cropping due to resolution differences
            result.SetResolution(image.HorizontalResolution, image.VerticalResolution);

            //use a graphics object to draw the resized image into the bitmap
            using (Graphics graphics = Graphics.FromImage(result))
            {
                //set the resize quality modes to high quality
                graphics.CompositingQuality = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.CompositingQuality.HighQuality;
                graphics.InterpolationMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
                graphics.SmoothingMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
                //draw the image into the target bitmap
                graphics.DrawImage(image, 0, 0, result.Width, result.Height);
            }

            //return the resulting bitmap
            return result;
        }

        /// <summary> 
        /// Saves an image as a jpeg image, with the given quality 
        /// </summary> 
        /// <param name="path">Path to which the image would be saved.</param> 
        /// <param name="quality">An integer from 0 to 100, with 100 being the 
        /// highest quality</param> 
        /// <exception cref="ArgumentOutOfRangeException">
        /// An invalid value was entered for image quality.
        /// </exception>
        public static void SaveJpeg(string path, Image image, int quality)
        {
            //ensure the quality is within the correct range
            if ((quality < 0) || (quality > 100))
            {
                //create the error message
                string error = string.Format("Jpeg image quality must be between 0 and 100, with 100 being the highest quality.  A value of {0} was specified.", quality);
                //throw a helpful exception
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(error);
            }

            //create an encoder parameter for the image quality
            EncoderParameter qualityParam = new EncoderParameter(System.Drawing.Imaging.Encoder.Quality, quality);
            //get the jpeg codec
            ImageCodecInfo jpegCodec = GetEncoderInfo("image/jpeg");

            //create a collection of all parameters that we will pass to the encoder
            EncoderParameters encoderParams = new EncoderParameters(1);
            //set the quality parameter for the codec
            encoderParams.Param[0] = qualityParam;
            //save the image using the codec and the parameters
            image.Save(path, jpegCodec, encoderParams);
        }

        /// <summary> 
        /// Returns the image codec with the given mime type 
        /// </summary> 
        public static ImageCodecInfo GetEncoderInfo(string mimeType)
        {
            //do a case insensitive search for the mime type
            string lookupKey = mimeType.ToLower();

            //the codec to return, default to null
            ImageCodecInfo foundCodec = null;

            //if we have the encoder, get it to return
            if (Encoders.ContainsKey(lookupKey))
            {
                //pull the codec from the lookup
                foundCodec = Encoders[lookupKey];
            }

            return foundCodec;
        } 
    }
}

更新资料

一些人一直在评论中询问如何使用ImageUtilities类的示例,所以您在这里。

//resize the image to the specified height and width
using (var resized = ImageUtilities.ResizeImage(image, 50, 100))
{
    //save the resized image as a jpeg with a quality of 90
    ImageUtilities.SaveJpeg(@"C:\myimage.jpeg", resized, 90);
}

注意

请记住,图像是一次性的,因此您需要将调整大小的结果分配给using声明(或者您可以尝试使用try并确保您在finally中调用dispose)。

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尝试以下基本代码片段:

private static Bitmap ResizeBitmap(Bitmap srcbmp, int width, int height )
{
    Bitmap newimage = new Bitmap(width, height);
    using (Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(newimage))
           g.DrawImage(srcbmp, 0, 0, width, height);
    return newimage;
}
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这可能有帮助

    public Image ResizeImage(Image source, RectangleF destinationBounds)
    {
        RectangleF sourceBounds = new RectangleF(0.0f,0.0f,(float)source.Width, (float)source.Height);
        RectangleF scaleBounds = new RectangleF();

        Image destinationImage = new Bitmap((int)destinationBounds.Width, (int)destinationBounds.Height);
        Graphics graph = Graphics.FromImage(destinationImage);
        graph.InterpolationMode =
            System.Drawing.Drawing2D.InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;

        // Fill with background color
        graph.FillRectangle(new SolidBrush(System.Drawing.Color.White), destinationBounds);

        float resizeRatio, sourceRatio;
        float scaleWidth, scaleHeight;

        sourceRatio = (float)source.Width / (float)source.Height;

        if (sourceRatio >= 1.0f)
        {
            //landscape
            resizeRatio = destinationBounds.Width / sourceBounds.Width;
            scaleWidth = destinationBounds.Width;
            scaleHeight = sourceBounds.Height * resizeRatio;
            float trimValue = destinationBounds.Height - scaleHeight;
            graph.DrawImage(source, 0, (trimValue / 2), destinationBounds.Width, scaleHeight);
        }
        else
        {
            //portrait
            resizeRatio = destinationBounds.Height/sourceBounds.Height;
            scaleWidth = sourceBounds.Width * resizeRatio;
            scaleHeight = destinationBounds.Height;
            float trimValue = destinationBounds.Width - scaleWidth;
            graph.DrawImage(source, (trimValue / 2), 0, scaleWidth, destinationBounds.Height);
        }

        return destinationImage;

    }

注意InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic >通常,这是性能和结果之间的良好折衷。

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使用此库: http : //imageresizing.net

阅读图书馆作者的这篇文章: .NET的20个图像调整陷阱

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经过测试的库如ImagemagickGD可用于.NET

您还可以阅读双三次插值之类的内容并编写自己的内容。

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我认为,当您使用GDI +绘制图像时,它的缩放比例很好。您可以使用它来创建缩放图像。

如果要使用GDI +缩放图像,可以执行以下操作:

Bitmap original = ...
Bitmap scaled = new Bitmap(new Size(original.Width * 4, original.Height * 4));
using (Graphics graphics = Graphics.FromImage(scaled)) {
  graphics.DrawImage(original, new Rectangle(0, 0, scaled.Width, scaled.Height));
}
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