UIImage:调整大小,然后裁剪
image-processing
ios
5
0

从字面上看,我已经在这几天里不敢恭维了,尽管我一直觉得自己是在启示的边缘,但我根本无法实现自己的目标。

我认为,在设计的概念阶段之前,要想从iPhone的相机或照片库中抓取图像,然后使用相当于“ 宽高比填充”选项的功能将图像缩小到指定的高度,这将是一件微不足道的事情。 UIImageView(完全在代码中),然后裁剪掉传递的CGRect中不适合的所有内容。

从相机或库中获取原始图像非常简单。我对其他两个步骤证明多么困难感到震惊。

所附图像显示了我正在尝试实现的目标。有人能好心地握住我的手吗?到目前为止,我发现的每个代码示例似乎都粉碎了图像,将其倒置,看起来像胡扯,划界,否则就无法正常工作。

参考资料:
Stack Overflow
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共 10 个回答
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我将Sam Wirch的指南转换为快速指南,对我来说效果很好,尽管最终图像中有些细微的“挤压”我无法解决。

func resizedCroppedImage(image: UIImage, newSize:CGSize) -> UIImage {
    var ratio: CGFloat = 0
    var delta: CGFloat = 0
    var offset = CGPointZero
    if image.size.width > image.size.height {
        ratio = newSize.width / image.size.width
        delta = (ratio * image.size.width) - (ratio * image.size.height)
        offset = CGPointMake(delta / 2, 0)
    } else {
        ratio = newSize.width / image.size.height
        delta = (ratio * image.size.height) - (ratio * image.size.width)
        offset = CGPointMake(0, delta / 2)
    }
    let clipRect = CGRectMake(-offset.x, -offset.y, (ratio * image.size.width) + delta, (ratio * image.size.height) + delta)
    UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions(newSize, true, 0.0)
    UIRectClip(clipRect)
    image.drawInRect(clipRect)
    let newImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext()
    UIGraphicsEndImageContext()
    return newImage
}

如果有人想要目标C版本,请在他的网站上。

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+ (UIImage *)scaleImage:(UIImage *)image toSize:(CGSize)targetSize {
    //If scaleFactor is not touched, no scaling will occur      
    CGFloat scaleFactor = 1.0;

    //Deciding which factor to use to scale the image (factor = targetSize / imageSize)
    if (image.size.width > targetSize.width || image.size.height > targetSize.height)
        if (!((scaleFactor = (targetSize.width / image.size.width)) > (targetSize.height / image.size.height))) //scale to fit width, or
            scaleFactor = targetSize.height / image.size.height; // scale to fit heigth.

    UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(targetSize); 

    //Creating the rect where the scaled image is drawn in
    CGRect rect = CGRectMake((targetSize.width - image.size.width * scaleFactor) / 2,
                             (targetSize.height -  image.size.height * scaleFactor) / 2,
                             image.size.width * scaleFactor, image.size.height * scaleFactor);

    //Draw the image into the rect
    [image drawInRect:rect];

    //Saving the image, ending image context
    UIImage *scaledImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();
    UIGraphicsEndImageContext();

    return scaledImage;
}

我建议这个。她不是美女吗? ;)

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有大量的代码与图像调整大小和其他一些操作有关。当我试图弄清楚如何调整图像大小时,我遇到了这个问题。http://vocaro.com/trevor/blog/2009/10/12/resize-a-uiimage-the-right-way/

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我修改了布拉德·拉森的密码。它将纵横比填充给定矩形中的图像。

-(UIImage*) scaleAndCropToSize:(CGSize)newSize;
{
    float ratio = self.size.width / self.size.height;

    UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(newSize);

    if (ratio > 1) {
        CGFloat newWidth = ratio * newSize.width;
        CGFloat newHeight = newSize.height;
        CGFloat leftMargin = (newWidth - newHeight) / 2;
        [self drawInRect:CGRectMake(-leftMargin, 0, newWidth, newHeight)];
    }
    else {
        CGFloat newWidth = newSize.width;
        CGFloat newHeight = newSize.height / ratio;
        CGFloat topMargin = (newHeight - newWidth) / 2;
        [self drawInRect:CGRectMake(0, -topMargin, newSize.width, newSize.height/ratio)];
    }

    UIImage* newImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();
    UIGraphicsEndImageContext();

    return newImage;
}
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下面是有关如何调整大小然后裁剪UIImage(宽高比)的公认答案的 Xamarin.iOS版本

    public static UIImage ScaleAndCropImage(UIImage sourceImage, SizeF targetSize)
    {
        var imageSize = sourceImage.Size;
        UIImage newImage = null;
        var width = imageSize.Width;
        var height = imageSize.Height;
        var targetWidth = targetSize.Width;
        var targetHeight = targetSize.Height;
        var scaleFactor = 0.0f;
        var scaledWidth = targetWidth;
        var scaledHeight = targetHeight;
        var thumbnailPoint = PointF.Empty;
        if (imageSize != targetSize)
        {
            var widthFactor = targetWidth / width;
            var heightFactor = targetHeight / height;
            if (widthFactor > heightFactor)
            {
                scaleFactor = widthFactor;// scale to fit height
            }
            else
            {
                scaleFactor = heightFactor;// scale to fit width
            }
            scaledWidth = width * scaleFactor;
            scaledHeight = height * scaleFactor;
            // center the image
            if (widthFactor > heightFactor)
            {
                thumbnailPoint.Y = (targetHeight - scaledHeight) * 0.5f;
            }
            else
            {
                if (widthFactor < heightFactor)
                {
                    thumbnailPoint.X = (targetWidth - scaledWidth) * 0.5f;
                }
            }
        }
        UIGraphics.BeginImageContextWithOptions(targetSize, false, 0.0f);
        var thumbnailRect = new RectangleF(thumbnailPoint, new SizeF(scaledWidth, scaledHeight));
        sourceImage.Draw(thumbnailRect);
        newImage = UIGraphics.GetImageFromCurrentImageContext();
        if (newImage == null)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("could not scale image");
        }
        //pop the context to get back to the default
        UIGraphics.EndImageContext();

        return newImage;
    }
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较早的帖子包含用于调整UIImage大小的方法的代码。相关部分如下:

+ (UIImage*)imageWithImage:(UIImage*)image 
               scaledToSize:(CGSize)newSize;
{
   UIGraphicsBeginImageContext( newSize );
   [image drawInRect:CGRectMake(0,0,newSize.width,newSize.height)];
   UIImage* newImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();
   UIGraphicsEndImageContext();

   return newImage;
}

就裁剪而言,我相信,如果您更改方法以使用与上下文不同的缩放比例,则生成的图像应裁剪到上下文的边界。

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这是Swift中Jane Sales的答案的一个版本。干杯!

public func resizeImage(image: UIImage, size: CGSize) -> UIImage? {
    var returnImage: UIImage?

    var scaleFactor: CGFloat = 1.0
    var scaledWidth = size.width
    var scaledHeight = size.height
    var thumbnailPoint = CGPointMake(0, 0)

    if !CGSizeEqualToSize(image.size, size) {
        let widthFactor = size.width / image.size.width
        let heightFactor = size.height / image.size.height

        if widthFactor > heightFactor {
            scaleFactor = widthFactor
        } else {
            scaleFactor = heightFactor
        }

        scaledWidth = image.size.width * scaleFactor
        scaledHeight = image.size.height * scaleFactor

        if widthFactor > heightFactor {
            thumbnailPoint.y = (size.height - scaledHeight) * 0.5
        } else if widthFactor < heightFactor {
            thumbnailPoint.x = (size.width - scaledWidth) * 0.5
        }
    }

    UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions(size, true, 0)

    var thumbnailRect = CGRectZero
    thumbnailRect.origin = thumbnailPoint
    thumbnailRect.size.width = scaledWidth
    thumbnailRect.size.height = scaledHeight

    image.drawInRect(thumbnailRect)
    returnImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext()

    UIGraphicsEndImageContext()

    return returnImage
}
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我发现Evgenii Kanvets发布的Swift 3不能均匀缩放图像。

这是我的Swift 4版本的函数,不会压缩图像:

static func resizedCroppedImage(image: UIImage, newSize:CGSize) -> UIImage? {

    // This function returns a newImage, based on image
    // - image is scaled uniformaly to fit into a rect of size newSize
    // - if the newSize rect is of a different aspect ratio from the source image
    //     the new image is cropped to be in the center of the source image
    //     (the excess source image is removed)

    var ratio: CGFloat = 0
    var delta: CGFloat = 0
    var drawRect = CGRect()

    if newSize.width > newSize.height {

        ratio = newSize.width / image.size.width
        delta = (ratio * image.size.height) - newSize.height
        drawRect = CGRect(x: 0, y: -delta / 2, width: newSize.width, height: newSize.height + delta)

    } else {

        ratio = newSize.height / image.size.height
        delta = (ratio * image.size.width) - newSize.width
        drawRect = CGRect(x: -delta / 2, y: 0, width: newSize.width + delta, height: newSize.height)

    }

    UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions(newSize, true, 0.0)
    image.draw(in: drawRect)
    let newImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext()
    UIGraphicsEndImageContext()

    return newImage
} 
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我需要做同样的事情-在我的情况下,选择缩放后适合的尺寸,然后裁剪每个末端以使其其余部分适合宽度。 (我在横向上工作,因此可能没有注意到纵向模式下的任何不足。)这是我的代码-它是UIImage分类中的一部分。我的代码中的目标尺寸始终设置为设备的全屏尺寸。

@implementation UIImage (Extras)

#pragma mark -
#pragma mark Scale and crop image

- (UIImage*)imageByScalingAndCroppingForSize:(CGSize)targetSize
{
    UIImage *sourceImage = self;
    UIImage *newImage = nil;    
    CGSize imageSize = sourceImage.size;
    CGFloat width = imageSize.width;
    CGFloat height = imageSize.height;
    CGFloat targetWidth = targetSize.width;
    CGFloat targetHeight = targetSize.height;
    CGFloat scaleFactor = 0.0;
    CGFloat scaledWidth = targetWidth;
    CGFloat scaledHeight = targetHeight;
    CGPoint thumbnailPoint = CGPointMake(0.0,0.0);

    if (CGSizeEqualToSize(imageSize, targetSize) == NO) 
    {
        CGFloat widthFactor = targetWidth / width;
        CGFloat heightFactor = targetHeight / height;

        if (widthFactor > heightFactor) 
        {
            scaleFactor = widthFactor; // scale to fit height
        }
        else
        {
            scaleFactor = heightFactor; // scale to fit width
        }

        scaledWidth  = width * scaleFactor;
        scaledHeight = height * scaleFactor;

        // center the image
        if (widthFactor > heightFactor)
        {
            thumbnailPoint.y = (targetHeight - scaledHeight) * 0.5; 
        }
        else
        {
            if (widthFactor < heightFactor)
            {
                thumbnailPoint.x = (targetWidth - scaledWidth) * 0.5;
            }
        }
    }   

    UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(targetSize); // this will crop

    CGRect thumbnailRect = CGRectZero;
    thumbnailRect.origin = thumbnailPoint;
    thumbnailRect.size.width  = scaledWidth;
    thumbnailRect.size.height = scaledHeight;

    [sourceImage drawInRect:thumbnailRect];

    newImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();

    if(newImage == nil)
    {
        NSLog(@"could not scale image");
    }

    //pop the context to get back to the default
    UIGraphicsEndImageContext();

    return newImage;
}
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干得好。这是完美的;-)

编辑:请参阅下面的注释-“不适用于某些图像,失败,出现:CGContextSetInterpolationQuality:无效的上下文0x0错误”

// Resizes the image according to the given content mode, taking into account the image's orientation
- (UIImage *)resizedImageWithContentMode:(UIViewContentMode)contentMode imageToScale:(UIImage*)imageToScale bounds:(CGSize)bounds interpolationQuality:(CGInterpolationQuality)quality {
    //Get the size we want to scale it to
    CGFloat horizontalRatio = bounds.width / imageToScale.size.width;
    CGFloat verticalRatio = bounds.height / imageToScale.size.height;
    CGFloat ratio;

    switch (contentMode) {
        case UIViewContentModeScaleAspectFill:
            ratio = MAX(horizontalRatio, verticalRatio);
            break;

        case UIViewContentModeScaleAspectFit:
            ratio = MIN(horizontalRatio, verticalRatio);
            break;

        default:
            [NSException raise:NSInvalidArgumentException format:@"Unsupported content mode: %d", contentMode];
    }

    //...and here it is
    CGSize newSize = CGSizeMake(imageToScale.size.width * ratio, imageToScale.size.height * ratio);


    //start scaling it
    CGRect newRect = CGRectIntegral(CGRectMake(0, 0, newSize.width, newSize.height));
    CGImageRef imageRef = imageToScale.CGImage;
    CGContextRef bitmap = CGBitmapContextCreate(NULL,
                                                newRect.size.width,
                                                newRect.size.height,
                                                CGImageGetBitsPerComponent(imageRef),
                                                0,
                                                CGImageGetColorSpace(imageRef),
                                                CGImageGetBitmapInfo(imageRef));

    CGContextSetInterpolationQuality(bitmap, quality);

    // Draw into the context; this scales the image
    CGContextDrawImage(bitmap, newRect, imageRef);

    // Get the resized image from the context and a UIImage
    CGImageRef newImageRef = CGBitmapContextCreateImage(bitmap);
    UIImage *newImage = [UIImage imageWithCGImage:newImageRef];

    // Clean up
    CGContextRelease(bitmap);
    CGImageRelease(newImageRef);

    return newImage;
}
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