Android SDK的快速位图模糊
image-processing
java
9
0

目前,在我正在开发的Android应用程序中,我正在遍历图像的像素以使其模糊。在640x480的图片上,这大约需要30秒。

在Android Market中浏览应用程序时,我碰到了一个包含模糊功能的应用程序,它们的模糊速度非常快(例如5秒),因此它们必须使用另一种模糊方法。

除了遍历像素之外,有人知道更快的方法吗?

参考资料:
Stack Overflow
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对于未来的Google员工,这是我从Quasimondo移植的算法。它是盒子模糊和高斯模糊之间的一种混合,它也非常漂亮而且非常快。

遇到ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException问题的人的更新: @anthonycr在评论中提供了以下信息:

我发现通过用StrictMath.abs或其他一些Abs实现替换Math.abs,不会发生崩溃。

/**
 * Stack Blur v1.0 from
 * http://www.quasimondo.com/StackBlurForCanvas/StackBlurDemo.html
 * Java Author: Mario Klingemann <mario at quasimondo.com>
 * http://incubator.quasimondo.com
 *
 * created Feburary 29, 2004
 * Android port : Yahel Bouaziz <yahel at kayenko.com>
 * http://www.kayenko.com
 * ported april 5th, 2012
 *
 * This is a compromise between Gaussian Blur and Box blur
 * It creates much better looking blurs than Box Blur, but is
 * 7x faster than my Gaussian Blur implementation.
 *
 * I called it Stack Blur because this describes best how this
 * filter works internally: it creates a kind of moving stack
 * of colors whilst scanning through the image. Thereby it
 * just has to add one new block of color to the right side
 * of the stack and remove the leftmost color. The remaining
 * colors on the topmost layer of the stack are either added on
 * or reduced by one, depending on if they are on the right or
 * on the left side of the stack.
 *  
 * If you are using this algorithm in your code please add
 * the following line:
 * Stack Blur Algorithm by Mario Klingemann <mario@quasimondo.com>
 */

public Bitmap fastblur(Bitmap sentBitmap, float scale, int radius) {

    int width = Math.round(sentBitmap.getWidth() * scale);
    int height = Math.round(sentBitmap.getHeight() * scale);
    sentBitmap = Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(sentBitmap, width, height, false);

    Bitmap bitmap = sentBitmap.copy(sentBitmap.getConfig(), true);

    if (radius < 1) {
        return (null);
    }

    int w = bitmap.getWidth();
    int h = bitmap.getHeight();

    int[] pix = new int[w * h];
    Log.e("pix", w + " " + h + " " + pix.length);
    bitmap.getPixels(pix, 0, w, 0, 0, w, h);

    int wm = w - 1;
    int hm = h - 1;
    int wh = w * h;
    int div = radius + radius + 1;

    int r[] = new int[wh];
    int g[] = new int[wh];
    int b[] = new int[wh];
    int rsum, gsum, bsum, x, y, i, p, yp, yi, yw;
    int vmin[] = new int[Math.max(w, h)];

    int divsum = (div + 1) >> 1;
    divsum *= divsum;
    int dv[] = new int[256 * divsum];
    for (i = 0; i < 256 * divsum; i++) {
        dv[i] = (i / divsum);
    }

    yw = yi = 0;

    int[][] stack = new int[div][3];
    int stackpointer;
    int stackstart;
    int[] sir;
    int rbs;
    int r1 = radius + 1;
    int routsum, goutsum, boutsum;
    int rinsum, ginsum, binsum;

    for (y = 0; y < h; y++) {
        rinsum = ginsum = binsum = routsum = goutsum = boutsum = rsum = gsum = bsum = 0;
        for (i = -radius; i <= radius; i++) {
            p = pix[yi + Math.min(wm, Math.max(i, 0))];
            sir = stack[i + radius];
            sir[0] = (p & 0xff0000) >> 16;
            sir[1] = (p & 0x00ff00) >> 8;
            sir[2] = (p & 0x0000ff);
            rbs = r1 - Math.abs(i);
            rsum += sir[0] * rbs;
            gsum += sir[1] * rbs;
            bsum += sir[2] * rbs;
            if (i > 0) {
                rinsum += sir[0];
                ginsum += sir[1];
                binsum += sir[2];
            } else {
                routsum += sir[0];
                goutsum += sir[1];
                boutsum += sir[2];
            }
        }
        stackpointer = radius;

        for (x = 0; x < w; x++) {

            r[yi] = dv[rsum];
            g[yi] = dv[gsum];
            b[yi] = dv[bsum];

            rsum -= routsum;
            gsum -= goutsum;
            bsum -= boutsum;

            stackstart = stackpointer - radius + div;
            sir = stack[stackstart % div];

            routsum -= sir[0];
            goutsum -= sir[1];
            boutsum -= sir[2];

            if (y == 0) {
                vmin[x] = Math.min(x + radius + 1, wm);
            }
            p = pix[yw + vmin[x]];

            sir[0] = (p & 0xff0000) >> 16;
            sir[1] = (p & 0x00ff00) >> 8;
            sir[2] = (p & 0x0000ff);

            rinsum += sir[0];
            ginsum += sir[1];
            binsum += sir[2];

            rsum += rinsum;
            gsum += ginsum;
            bsum += binsum;

            stackpointer = (stackpointer + 1) % div;
            sir = stack[(stackpointer) % div];

            routsum += sir[0];
            goutsum += sir[1];
            boutsum += sir[2];

            rinsum -= sir[0];
            ginsum -= sir[1];
            binsum -= sir[2];

            yi++;
        }
        yw += w;
    }
    for (x = 0; x < w; x++) {
        rinsum = ginsum = binsum = routsum = goutsum = boutsum = rsum = gsum = bsum = 0;
        yp = -radius * w;
        for (i = -radius; i <= radius; i++) {
            yi = Math.max(0, yp) + x;

            sir = stack[i + radius];

            sir[0] = r[yi];
            sir[1] = g[yi];
            sir[2] = b[yi];

            rbs = r1 - Math.abs(i);

            rsum += r[yi] * rbs;
            gsum += g[yi] * rbs;
            bsum += b[yi] * rbs;

            if (i > 0) {
                rinsum += sir[0];
                ginsum += sir[1];
                binsum += sir[2];
            } else {
                routsum += sir[0];
                goutsum += sir[1];
                boutsum += sir[2];
            }

            if (i < hm) {
                yp += w;
            }
        }
        yi = x;
        stackpointer = radius;
        for (y = 0; y < h; y++) {
            // Preserve alpha channel: ( 0xff000000 & pix[yi] )
            pix[yi] = ( 0xff000000 & pix[yi] ) | ( dv[rsum] << 16 ) | ( dv[gsum] << 8 ) | dv[bsum];

            rsum -= routsum;
            gsum -= goutsum;
            bsum -= boutsum;

            stackstart = stackpointer - radius + div;
            sir = stack[stackstart % div];

            routsum -= sir[0];
            goutsum -= sir[1];
            boutsum -= sir[2];

            if (x == 0) {
                vmin[y] = Math.min(y + r1, hm) * w;
            }
            p = x + vmin[y];

            sir[0] = r[p];
            sir[1] = g[p];
            sir[2] = b[p];

            rinsum += sir[0];
            ginsum += sir[1];
            binsum += sir[2];

            rsum += rinsum;
            gsum += ginsum;
            bsum += binsum;

            stackpointer = (stackpointer + 1) % div;
            sir = stack[stackpointer];

            routsum += sir[0];
            goutsum += sir[1];
            boutsum += sir[2];

            rinsum -= sir[0];
            ginsum -= sir[1];
            binsum -= sir[2];

            yi += w;
        }
    }

    Log.e("pix", w + " " + h + " " + pix.length);
    bitmap.setPixels(pix, 0, w, 0, 0, w, h);

    return (bitmap);
}
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编辑(2014年4月):这是一个问题/答案页面,看起来仍然很受欢迎。我知道我总是对此文章赞不绝口。但是,如果您正在阅读本文,则需要意识到此处发布的答案(我的和接受的答案)都已过时。如果要今天实现有效的模糊处理, 则应使用RenderScript而不是NDK或Java。 RenderScript在Android 2.2+(使用Android支持库 )上运行,因此没有理由不使用它。

遵循旧的答案,但请注意,因为它已经过时了。


对于未来的Google员工,以下是我从Yahel的Quasimondo算法端口移植的算法,但使用了NDK。当然,这是基于Yahel的答案。但这正在运行本机C代码,因此速度更快。快多了。就像,快40倍。

我发现使用NDK是应该在Android上完成所有图像操作的方式……一开始实施起来有点烦人(在此处阅读有关使用JNI和NDK的出色教程),但是更好,而且几乎实时。很多东西。

作为参考,使用Yahel的Java函数花了10秒钟来模糊半径为10的480x532像素图像。但是使用本机C版本花了250毫秒。而且我非常确定它仍然可以进一步优化...我只是对Java代码进行了愚蠢的转换,可能有些操作可以缩短,不想花太多时间重构整个东西。

#include <jni.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <android/log.h>
#include <android/bitmap.h>

#define LOG_TAG "libbitmaputils"
#define LOGI(...)  __android_log_print(ANDROID_LOG_INFO,LOG_TAG,__VA_ARGS__)
#define LOGE(...)  __android_log_print(ANDROID_LOG_ERROR,LOG_TAG,__VA_ARGS__)

typedef struct {
    uint8_t red;
    uint8_t green;
    uint8_t blue;
    uint8_t alpha;
} rgba;

JNIEXPORT void JNICALL Java_com_insert_your_package_ClassName_functionToBlur(JNIEnv* env, jobject obj, jobject bitmapIn, jobject bitmapOut, jint radius) {
    LOGI("Blurring bitmap...");

    // Properties
    AndroidBitmapInfo   infoIn;
    void*               pixelsIn;
    AndroidBitmapInfo   infoOut;
    void*               pixelsOut;

    int ret;

    // Get image info
    if ((ret = AndroidBitmap_getInfo(env, bitmapIn, &infoIn)) < 0 || (ret = AndroidBitmap_getInfo(env, bitmapOut, &infoOut)) < 0) {
        LOGE("AndroidBitmap_getInfo() failed ! error=%d", ret);
        return;
    }

    // Check image
    if (infoIn.format != ANDROID_BITMAP_FORMAT_RGBA_8888 || infoOut.format != ANDROID_BITMAP_FORMAT_RGBA_8888) {
        LOGE("Bitmap format is not RGBA_8888!");
        LOGE("==> %d %d", infoIn.format, infoOut.format);
        return;
    }

    // Lock all images
    if ((ret = AndroidBitmap_lockPixels(env, bitmapIn, &pixelsIn)) < 0 || (ret = AndroidBitmap_lockPixels(env, bitmapOut, &pixelsOut)) < 0) {
        LOGE("AndroidBitmap_lockPixels() failed ! error=%d", ret);
    }

    int h = infoIn.height;
    int w = infoIn.width;

    LOGI("Image size is: %i %i", w, h);

    rgba* input = (rgba*) pixelsIn;
    rgba* output = (rgba*) pixelsOut;

    int wm = w - 1;
    int hm = h - 1;
    int wh = w * h;
    int whMax = max(w, h);
    int div = radius + radius + 1;

    int r[wh];
    int g[wh];
    int b[wh];
    int rsum, gsum, bsum, x, y, i, yp, yi, yw;
    rgba p;
    int vmin[whMax];

    int divsum = (div + 1) >> 1;
    divsum *= divsum;
    int dv[256 * divsum];
    for (i = 0; i < 256 * divsum; i++) {
        dv[i] = (i / divsum);
    }

    yw = yi = 0;

    int stack[div][3];
    int stackpointer;
    int stackstart;
    int rbs;
    int ir;
    int ip;
    int r1 = radius + 1;
    int routsum, goutsum, boutsum;
    int rinsum, ginsum, binsum;

    for (y = 0; y < h; y++) {
        rinsum = ginsum = binsum = routsum = goutsum = boutsum = rsum = gsum = bsum = 0;
        for (i = -radius; i <= radius; i++) {
            p = input[yi + min(wm, max(i, 0))];

            ir = i + radius; // same as sir

            stack[ir][0] = p.red;
            stack[ir][1] = p.green;
            stack[ir][2] = p.blue;
            rbs = r1 - abs(i);
            rsum += stack[ir][0] * rbs;
            gsum += stack[ir][1] * rbs;
            bsum += stack[ir][2] * rbs;
            if (i > 0) {
                rinsum += stack[ir][0];
                ginsum += stack[ir][1];
                binsum += stack[ir][2];
            } else {
                routsum += stack[ir][0];
                goutsum += stack[ir][1];
                boutsum += stack[ir][2];
            }
        }
        stackpointer = radius;

        for (x = 0; x < w; x++) {

            r[yi] = dv[rsum];
            g[yi] = dv[gsum];
            b[yi] = dv[bsum];

            rsum -= routsum;
            gsum -= goutsum;
            bsum -= boutsum;

            stackstart = stackpointer - radius + div;
            ir = stackstart % div; // same as sir

            routsum -= stack[ir][0];
            goutsum -= stack[ir][1];
            boutsum -= stack[ir][2];

            if (y == 0) {
                vmin[x] = min(x + radius + 1, wm);
            }
            p = input[yw + vmin[x]];

            stack[ir][0] = p.red;
            stack[ir][1] = p.green;
            stack[ir][2] = p.blue;

            rinsum += stack[ir][0];
            ginsum += stack[ir][1];
            binsum += stack[ir][2];

            rsum += rinsum;
            gsum += ginsum;
            bsum += binsum;

            stackpointer = (stackpointer + 1) % div;
            ir = (stackpointer) % div; // same as sir

            routsum += stack[ir][0];
            goutsum += stack[ir][1];
            boutsum += stack[ir][2];

            rinsum -= stack[ir][0];
            ginsum -= stack[ir][1];
            binsum -= stack[ir][2];

            yi++;
        }
        yw += w;
    }
    for (x = 0; x < w; x++) {
        rinsum = ginsum = binsum = routsum = goutsum = boutsum = rsum = gsum = bsum = 0;
        yp = -radius * w;
        for (i = -radius; i <= radius; i++) {
            yi = max(0, yp) + x;

            ir = i + radius; // same as sir

            stack[ir][0] = r[yi];
            stack[ir][1] = g[yi];
            stack[ir][2] = b[yi];

            rbs = r1 - abs(i);

            rsum += r[yi] * rbs;
            gsum += g[yi] * rbs;
            bsum += b[yi] * rbs;

            if (i > 0) {
                rinsum += stack[ir][0];
                ginsum += stack[ir][1];
                binsum += stack[ir][2];
            } else {
                routsum += stack[ir][0];
                goutsum += stack[ir][1];
                boutsum += stack[ir][2];
            }

            if (i < hm) {
                yp += w;
            }
        }
        yi = x;
        stackpointer = radius;
        for (y = 0; y < h; y++) {
            output[yi].red = dv[rsum];
            output[yi].green = dv[gsum];
            output[yi].blue = dv[bsum];

            rsum -= routsum;
            gsum -= goutsum;
            bsum -= boutsum;

            stackstart = stackpointer - radius + div;
            ir = stackstart % div; // same as sir

            routsum -= stack[ir][0];
            goutsum -= stack[ir][1];
            boutsum -= stack[ir][2];

            if (x == 0) vmin[y] = min(y + r1, hm) * w;
            ip = x + vmin[y];

            stack[ir][0] = r[ip];
            stack[ir][1] = g[ip];
            stack[ir][2] = b[ip];

            rinsum += stack[ir][0];
            ginsum += stack[ir][1];
            binsum += stack[ir][2];

            rsum += rinsum;
            gsum += ginsum;
            bsum += binsum;

            stackpointer = (stackpointer + 1) % div;
            ir = stackpointer; // same as sir

            routsum += stack[ir][0];
            goutsum += stack[ir][1];
            boutsum += stack[ir][2];

            rinsum -= stack[ir][0];
            ginsum -= stack[ir][1];
            binsum -= stack[ir][2];

            yi += w;
        }
    }

    // Unlocks everything
    AndroidBitmap_unlockPixels(env, bitmapIn);
    AndroidBitmap_unlockPixels(env, bitmapOut);

    LOGI ("Bitmap blurred.");
}

int min(int a, int b) {
    return a > b ? b : a;
}

int max(int a, int b) {
    return a > b ? a : b;
}

然后像这样使用它(考虑一个名为com.insert.your.package.ClassName的类和一个名为functionToBlur的本机函数,如上面的代码所述):

// Create a copy
Bitmap bitmapOut = bitmapIn.copy(Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888, true);
// Blur the copy
functionToBlur(bitmapIn, bitmapOut, __radius);

期望RGB_8888位图!

要使用RGB_565位图,请在传递参数(yuck)之前创建转换后的副本,或者将函数更改为使用新的rgb565类型而不是rgba

typedef struct {
    uint16_t byte0;
} rgb565;

问题是,如果你这样做,你不能读.red.green.blue像素的了,你需要正确地读取字节,咄。当我之前需要它时,我这样做:

r = (pixels[x].byte0 & 0xF800) >> 8;
g = (pixels[x].byte0 & 0x07E0) >> 3;
b = (pixels[x].byte0 & 0x001F) << 3;

但是可能有一些更简单的方法。恐怕我不是底层C编码员。

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该代码对我来说是完美的

Bitmap tempbg = BitmapFactory.decodeResource(getResources(),R.drawable.b1); //Load a background.
Bitmap final_Bitmap = BlurImage(tempbg);


@SuppressLint("NewApi")
Bitmap BlurImage (Bitmap input)
{
    try
    {
    RenderScript  rsScript = RenderScript.create(getApplicationContext());
    Allocation alloc = Allocation.createFromBitmap(rsScript, input);

    ScriptIntrinsicBlur blur = ScriptIntrinsicBlur.create(rsScript,   Element.U8_4(rsScript));
    blur.setRadius(21);
    blur.setInput(alloc);

    Bitmap result = Bitmap.createBitmap(input.getWidth(), input.getHeight(), Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888);
    Allocation outAlloc = Allocation.createFromBitmap(rsScript, result);

    blur.forEach(outAlloc);
    outAlloc.copyTo(result);

    rsScript.destroy();
    return result;
    }
    catch (Exception e) {
        // TODO: handle exception
        return input;
    }

}
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Android模糊指南2016

与Showcase / Benchmark AppGithub上的Source一起使用另请查看我当前正在使用的Blur框架: Dali

经过大量的实验后,我现在可以安全地为您提供一些可靠的建议,这些建议将使您在使用Android Framework时在Android中的生活更加轻松。

加载并使用缩小的位图(用于非常模糊的图像)

切勿使用位图的完整大小。图像越大,越需要模糊,并且模糊半径也需要更大,通常,模糊半径越大,算法花费的时间越长。

final BitmapFactory.Options options = new BitmapFactory.Options();
options.inSampleSize = 8;
Bitmap blurTemplate = BitmapFactory.decodeResource(getResources(), R.drawable.myImage, options);

这将以inSampleSize 8加载位图,因此仅加载原始图像的1/64。测试什么样的inSampleSize您的需求,但是将其保留为2 ^ n(2,4,8,...),以避免由于缩放而降低质量。 有关更多信息,请参阅Google文档

另一个真正的大优点是位图加载将非常快。在我的早期模糊测试中,我认为整个模糊过程中最长的时间是图像加载。因此,要从磁盘加载1920x1080图像,我的Nexus 5需要500毫秒,而模糊仅需250毫秒左右。

使用渲染脚本

Renderscript提供ScriptIntrinsicBlur ,它是一个高斯模糊滤镜。它具有良好的视觉效果,是您在Android上实际获得的最快速度。 Google声称“通常比多线程C实现快2-3倍,通常比Java实现快10倍以上” 。 Renderscript确实非常复杂(使用最快的处理设备(GPU,ISP等),等等),并且还具有v8支持库,使其向下兼容至2.2 。至少从理论上讲,通过我自己的测试和其他开发人员的报告,似乎不可能盲目使用Renderscript,因为硬件/驱动程序碎片似乎会导致某些设备出现问题,即使使用更高的sdk lvl也是如此(例如, 4.1 Nexus S出现问题),因此请小心并在许多设备上进行测试。这是一个简单的示例,可以帮助您入门:

//define this only once if blurring multiple times
RenderScript rs = RenderScript.create(context);

(...)
//this will blur the bitmapOriginal with a radius of 8 and save it in bitmapOriginal
final Allocation input = Allocation.createFromBitmap(rs, bitmapOriginal); //use this constructor for best performance, because it uses USAGE_SHARED mode which reuses memory
final Allocation output = Allocation.createTyped(rs, input.getType());
final ScriptIntrinsicBlur script = ScriptIntrinsicBlur.create(rs, Element.U8_4(rs));
script.setRadius(8f);
script.setInput(input);
script.forEach(output);
output.copyTo(bitmapOriginal);

当Google特别推荐Google对Gradle使用v8支持时, “因为它们包含了最新的改进” ,因此您只需在构建脚本中添加2行,并将android.support.v8.renderscript与当前的构建工具一起使用( 更新的语法)适用于android Gradle插件v14 +

android {
    ...
    defaultConfig {
        ...
        renderscriptTargetApi 19
        renderscriptSupportModeEnabled true
    }
}

Nexus 5上的简单基准测试-比较RenderScript与其他不同的Java和Renderscript实现:

不同图片大小下每次模糊的平均运行时间不同图片大小下每次模糊的平均运行时间

每秒百万像素,可以被模糊每秒百万像素,可以被模糊

每个值是250回合的平均值。 RS_GAUSS_FASTScriptIntrinsicBlur (并且几乎总是最快的),其他以RS_文件大多是使用简单内核进行的卷积实现。 有关算法的详细信息,请参见此处 。这并不是纯粹的模糊,因为很大一部分是被测量的垃圾收集。可以在这里看到( ScriptIntrinsicBlur在100x100图像上,约有500个回合)

在此处输入图片说明

峰值是gc。

您可以自己检查一下,基准测试应用程序在playstore中: BlurBenchmark

尽可能重用位图(如果prio:性能>内存占用)

如果您需要多次模糊来进行实时模糊或类似的模糊处理,并且您的内存允许它不要多次从可绘制对象中加载位图,而是将其“缓存”在成员变量中。在这种情况下,请始终尝试使用相同的变量,以尽量减少垃圾收集。

从文件或可绘制对象加载时,还要签出新的inBitmap选项,这将重用位图内存并节省垃圾回收时间。

适用于从锐利到模糊的融合

一种简单而幼稚的方法是只使用2个ImageViews ,其中一个是模糊的,然后使用alpha淡入淡出。但是,如果您想要更精致的外观,从尖锐到模糊的平滑过渡 ,那么请查看Roman Nurik的帖子,了解如何像在他的Muzei应用程序中一样

基本上,他解释说,他预模糊了具有不同模糊程度的某些帧,并将它们用作看起来非常平滑的动画中的关键帧。

努里克讲解他的方法的示意图

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这是在黑暗中拍摄的,但是您可以尝试缩小图像,然后再次放大。这可以通过Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(Bitmap src, int dstWidth, int dstHeight, boolean filter) 。确保并将filter参数设置为true。它会以本机代码运行,因此可能会更快。

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感谢@Yahel提供的代码。发布具有alpha通道模糊支持的相同方法,因为我花了一些时间才能使其正常工作,因此可以节省某人的时间:

/**
 * Stack Blur v1.0 from
 * http://www.quasimondo.com/StackBlurForCanvas/StackBlurDemo.html
 * Java Author: Mario Klingemann <mario at quasimondo.com>
 * http://incubator.quasimondo.com
 * <p/>
 * created Feburary 29, 2004
 * Android port : Yahel Bouaziz <yahel at kayenko.com>
 * http://www.kayenko.com
 * ported april 5th, 2012
 * <p/>
 * This is a compromise between Gaussian Blur and Box blur
 * It creates much better looking blurs than Box Blur, but is
 * 7x faster than my Gaussian Blur implementation.
 * <p/>
 * I called it Stack Blur because this describes best how this
 * filter works internally: it creates a kind of moving stack
 * of colors whilst scanning through the image. Thereby it
 * just has to add one new block of color to the right side
 * of the stack and remove the leftmost color. The remaining
 * colors on the topmost layer of the stack are either added on
 * or reduced by one, depending on if they are on the right or
 * on the left side of the stack.
 * <p/>
 * If you are using this algorithm in your code please add
 * the following line:
 * Stack Blur Algorithm by Mario Klingemann <mario@quasimondo.com>
 */

public static Bitmap fastblur(Bitmap sentBitmap, float scale, int radius) {

    int width = Math.round(sentBitmap.getWidth() * scale);
    int height = Math.round(sentBitmap.getHeight() * scale);
    sentBitmap = Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(sentBitmap, width, height, false);

    Bitmap bitmap = sentBitmap.copy(sentBitmap.getConfig(), true);

    if (radius < 1) {
        return (null);
    }

    int w = bitmap.getWidth();
    int h = bitmap.getHeight();

    int[] pix = new int[w * h];
    Log.e("pix", w + " " + h + " " + pix.length);
    bitmap.getPixels(pix, 0, w, 0, 0, w, h);

    int wm = w - 1;
    int hm = h - 1;
    int wh = w * h;
    int div = radius + radius + 1;

    int r[] = new int[wh];
    int g[] = new int[wh];
    int b[] = new int[wh];
    int a[] = new int[wh];
    int rsum, gsum, bsum, asum, x, y, i, p, yp, yi, yw;
    int vmin[] = new int[Math.max(w, h)];

    int divsum = (div + 1) >> 1;
    divsum *= divsum;
    int dv[] = new int[256 * divsum];
    for (i = 0; i < 256 * divsum; i++) {
        dv[i] = (i / divsum);
    }

    yw = yi = 0;

    int[][] stack = new int[div][4];
    int stackpointer;
    int stackstart;
    int[] sir;
    int rbs;
    int r1 = radius + 1;
    int routsum, goutsum, boutsum, aoutsum;
    int rinsum, ginsum, binsum, ainsum;

    for (y = 0; y < h; y++) {
        rinsum = ginsum = binsum = ainsum = routsum = goutsum = boutsum = aoutsum = rsum = gsum = bsum = asum = 0;
        for (i = -radius; i <= radius; i++) {
            p = pix[yi + Math.min(wm, Math.max(i, 0))];
            sir = stack[i + radius];
            sir[0] = (p & 0xff0000) >> 16;
            sir[1] = (p & 0x00ff00) >> 8;
            sir[2] = (p & 0x0000ff);
            sir[3] = 0xff & (p >> 24);

            rbs = r1 - Math.abs(i);
            rsum += sir[0] * rbs;
            gsum += sir[1] * rbs;
            bsum += sir[2] * rbs;
            asum += sir[3] * rbs;
            if (i > 0) {
                rinsum += sir[0];
                ginsum += sir[1];
                binsum += sir[2];
                ainsum += sir[3];
            } else {
                routsum += sir[0];
                goutsum += sir[1];
                boutsum += sir[2];
                aoutsum += sir[3];
            }
        }
        stackpointer = radius;

        for (x = 0; x < w; x++) {

            r[yi] = dv[rsum];
            g[yi] = dv[gsum];
            b[yi] = dv[bsum];
            a[yi] = dv[asum];

            rsum -= routsum;
            gsum -= goutsum;
            bsum -= boutsum;
            asum -= aoutsum;

            stackstart = stackpointer - radius + div;
            sir = stack[stackstart % div];

            routsum -= sir[0];
            goutsum -= sir[1];
            boutsum -= sir[2];
            aoutsum -= sir[3];

            if (y == 0) {
                vmin[x] = Math.min(x + radius + 1, wm);
            }
            p = pix[yw + vmin[x]];

            sir[0] = (p & 0xff0000) >> 16;
            sir[1] = (p & 0x00ff00) >> 8;
            sir[2] = (p & 0x0000ff);
            sir[3] = 0xff & (p >> 24);

            rinsum += sir[0];
            ginsum += sir[1];
            binsum += sir[2];
            ainsum += sir[3];

            rsum += rinsum;
            gsum += ginsum;
            bsum += binsum;
            asum += ainsum;

            stackpointer = (stackpointer + 1) % div;
            sir = stack[(stackpointer) % div];

            routsum += sir[0];
            goutsum += sir[1];
            boutsum += sir[2];
            aoutsum += sir[3];

            rinsum -= sir[0];
            ginsum -= sir[1];
            binsum -= sir[2];
            ainsum -= sir[3];

            yi++;
        }
        yw += w;
    }
    for (x = 0; x < w; x++) {
        rinsum = ginsum = binsum = ainsum = routsum = goutsum = boutsum = aoutsum = rsum = gsum = bsum = asum = 0;
        yp = -radius * w;
        for (i = -radius; i <= radius; i++) {
            yi = Math.max(0, yp) + x;

            sir = stack[i + radius];

            sir[0] = r[yi];
            sir[1] = g[yi];
            sir[2] = b[yi];
            sir[3] = a[yi];

            rbs = r1 - Math.abs(i);

            rsum += r[yi] * rbs;
            gsum += g[yi] * rbs;
            bsum += b[yi] * rbs;
            asum += a[yi] * rbs;

            if (i > 0) {
                rinsum += sir[0];
                ginsum += sir[1];
                binsum += sir[2];
                ainsum += sir[3];
            } else {
                routsum += sir[0];
                goutsum += sir[1];
                boutsum += sir[2];
                aoutsum += sir[3];
            }

            if (i < hm) {
                yp += w;
            }
        }
        yi = x;
        stackpointer = radius;
        for (y = 0; y < h; y++) {
            pix[yi] = (dv[asum] << 24) | (dv[rsum] << 16) | (dv[gsum] << 8) | dv[bsum];

            rsum -= routsum;
            gsum -= goutsum;
            bsum -= boutsum;
            asum -= aoutsum;

            stackstart = stackpointer - radius + div;
            sir = stack[stackstart % div];

            routsum -= sir[0];
            goutsum -= sir[1];
            boutsum -= sir[2];
            aoutsum -= sir[3];

            if (x == 0) {
                vmin[y] = Math.min(y + r1, hm) * w;
            }
            p = x + vmin[y];


            sir[0] = r[p];
            sir[1] = g[p];
            sir[2] = b[p];
            sir[3] = a[p];

            rinsum += sir[0];
            ginsum += sir[1];
            binsum += sir[2];
            ainsum += sir[3];

            rsum += rinsum;
            gsum += ginsum;
            bsum += binsum;
            asum += ainsum;

            stackpointer = (stackpointer + 1) % div;
            sir = stack[stackpointer];

            routsum += sir[0];
            goutsum += sir[1];
            boutsum += sir[2];
            aoutsum += sir[3];

            rinsum -= sir[0];
            ginsum -= sir[1];
            binsum -= sir[2];
            ainsum -= sir[3];

            yi += w;
        }
    }

    Log.e("pix", w + " " + h + " " + pix.length);
    bitmap.setPixels(pix, 0, w, 0, 0, w, h);

    return (bitmap);
}
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现在,您可以使用RenderScript库中的ScriptIntrinsicBlur快速模糊。 是访问RenderScript API的方法。以下是我制作的用于模糊视图和位图的类:

public class BlurBuilder {
    private static final float BITMAP_SCALE = 0.4f;
    private static final float BLUR_RADIUS = 7.5f;

    public static Bitmap blur(View v) {
        return blur(v.getContext(), getScreenshot(v));
    }

    public static Bitmap blur(Context ctx, Bitmap image) {
        int width = Math.round(image.getWidth() * BITMAP_SCALE);
        int height = Math.round(image.getHeight() * BITMAP_SCALE);

        Bitmap inputBitmap = Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(image, width, height, false);
        Bitmap outputBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(inputBitmap);

        RenderScript rs = RenderScript.create(ctx);
        ScriptIntrinsicBlur theIntrinsic = ScriptIntrinsicBlur.create(rs, Element.U8_4(rs));
        Allocation tmpIn = Allocation.createFromBitmap(rs, inputBitmap);
        Allocation tmpOut = Allocation.createFromBitmap(rs, outputBitmap);
        theIntrinsic.setRadius(BLUR_RADIUS);
        theIntrinsic.setInput(tmpIn);
        theIntrinsic.forEach(tmpOut);
        tmpOut.copyTo(outputBitmap);

        return outputBitmap;
    }

    private static Bitmap getScreenshot(View v) {
        Bitmap b = Bitmap.createBitmap(v.getWidth(), v.getHeight(), Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888);
        Canvas c = new Canvas(b);
        v.draw(c);
        return b;
    }
}
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这适用于所有需要增加ScriptIntrinsicBlur半径以获得更硬的高斯模糊的人。

您可以缩小图像并获得相同的结果,而不必将半径设置为大于25。我写了一个叫做GaussianBlur的类。在下面您可以看到如何使用以及整个类的实现。

用法:

GaussianBlur gaussian = new GaussianBlur(context);
gaussian.setMaxImageSize(60);
gaussian.setRadius(25); //max

Bitmap output = gaussian.render(<your bitmap>,true);
Drawable d = new BitmapDrawable(getResources(),output);

类:

 public class GaussianBlur {
    private final int DEFAULT_RADIUS = 25;
    private final float DEFAULT_MAX_IMAGE_SIZE = 400;

    private Context context;
    private int radius;
    private float maxImageSize;

    public GaussianBlur(Context context) {
    this.context = context;
    setRadius(DEFAULT_RADIUS);
    setMaxImageSize(DEFAULT_MAX_IMAGE_SIZE);
    } 

    public Bitmap render(Bitmap bitmap, boolean scaleDown) {
    RenderScript rs = RenderScript.create(context);

    if (scaleDown) {
        bitmap = scaleDown(bitmap);
    }

    Bitmap output = Bitmap.createBitmap(bitmap.getWidth(), bitmap.getHeight(), Config.ARGB_8888);

    Allocation inAlloc = Allocation.createFromBitmap(rs, bitmap, Allocation.MipmapControl.MIPMAP_NONE, Allocation.USAGE_GRAPHICS_TEXTURE);
    Allocation outAlloc = Allocation.createFromBitmap(rs, output);

    ScriptIntrinsicBlur script = ScriptIntrinsicBlur.create(rs, inAlloc.getElement()); // Element.U8_4(rs));
    script.setRadius(getRadius());
    script.setInput(inAlloc);
    script.forEach(outAlloc);
    outAlloc.copyTo(output);

    rs.destroy();

    return output;
}

public Bitmap scaleDown(Bitmap input) {
    float ratio = Math.min((float) getMaxImageSize() / input.getWidth(), (float) getMaxImageSize() / input.getHeight());
    int width = Math.round((float) ratio * input.getWidth());
    int height = Math.round((float) ratio * input.getHeight());

    return Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(input, width, height, true);
}

public int getRadius() {
    return radius;
}

public void setRadius(int radius) {
    this.radius = radius;
}

public float getMaxImageSize() {
    return maxImageSize;
}

public void setMaxImageSize(float maxImageSize) {
    this.maxImageSize = maxImageSize;
}
    }
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我以前用过..

public static Bitmap myblur(Bitmap image, Context context) {
            final float BITMAP_SCALE = 0.4f;
            final float BLUR_RADIUS = 7.5f;
            int width = Math.round(image.getWidth() * BITMAP_SCALE);
            int height = Math.round(image.getHeight() * BITMAP_SCALE);
            Bitmap inputBitmap = Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(image, width, height, false);
            Bitmap outputBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(inputBitmap);
            RenderScript rs = RenderScript.create(context);
            ScriptIntrinsicBlur theIntrinsic = ScriptIntrinsicBlur.create(rs, Element.U8_4(rs));
            Allocation tmpIn = Allocation.createFromBitmap(rs, inputBitmap);
            Allocation tmpOut = Allocation.createFromBitmap(rs, outputBitmap);
            theIntrinsic.setRadius(BLUR_RADIUS);
            theIntrinsic.setInput(tmpIn);
            theIntrinsic.forEach(tmpOut);
            tmpOut.copyTo(outputBitmap);
            return outputBitmap;
        }
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这对我来说效果很好: 如何使用Android的RenderScript有效地模糊图像

public class BlurBuilder {
    private static final float BITMAP_SCALE = 0.4f;
    private static final float BLUR_RADIUS = 7.5f;

    @SuppressLint("NewApi")
    public static Bitmap blur(Context context, Bitmap image) {
        int width = Math.round(image.getWidth() * BITMAP_SCALE);
        int height = Math.round(image.getHeight() * BITMAP_SCALE);

        Bitmap inputBitmap = Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(image, width, height,
            false);
        Bitmap outputBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(inputBitmap);

        RenderScript rs = RenderScript.create(context);
        ScriptIntrinsicBlur theIntrinsic = ScriptIntrinsicBlur.create(rs,
            Element.U8_4(rs));
        Allocation tmpIn = Allocation.createFromBitmap(rs, inputBitmap);
        Allocation tmpOut = Allocation.createFromBitmap(rs, outputBitmap);
        theIntrinsic.setRadius(BLUR_RADIUS);
        theIntrinsic.setInput(tmpIn);
        theIntrinsic.forEach(tmpOut);
        tmpOut.copyTo(outputBitmap);

        return outputBitmap;
    }
}
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