如何在张量流中解释Poolallocator消息?
machine-learning
tensorflow
5
0

在训练tensorflow seq2seq模型时,我看到以下消息:

W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 27282 get requests, put_count=9311 evicted_count=1000 eviction_rate=0.1074 and unsatisfied allocation rate=0.699032
I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:239] Raising pool_size_limit_ from 100 to 110
W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 13715 get requests, put_count=14458 evicted_count=10000 eviction_rate=0.691659 and unsatisfied allocation rate=0.675684
I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:239] Raising pool_size_limit_ from 110 to 121
W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 6965 get requests, put_count=6813 evicted_count=5000 eviction_rate=0.733891 and unsatisfied allocation rate=0.741421
I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:239] Raising pool_size_limit_ from 133 to 146
W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 44 get requests, put_count=9058 evicted_count=9000 eviction_rate=0.993597 and unsatisfied allocation rate=0
W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 46 get requests, put_count=9062 evicted_count=9000 eviction_rate=0.993158 and unsatisfied allocation rate=0
W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 4 get requests, put_count=1029 evicted_count=1000 eviction_rate=0.971817 and unsatisfied allocation rate=0
W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 2 get requests, put_count=1030 evicted_count=1000 eviction_rate=0.970874 and unsatisfied allocation rate=0
W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 44 get requests, put_count=6074 evicted_count=6000 eviction_rate=0.987817 and unsatisfied allocation rate=0
W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 12 get requests, put_count=6045 evicted_count=6000 eviction_rate=0.992556 and unsatisfied allocation rate=0
W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 2 get requests, put_count=1042 evicted_count=1000 eviction_rate=0.959693 and unsatisfied allocation rate=0
W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 44 get requests, put_count=6093 evicted_count=6000 eviction_rate=0.984737 and unsatisfied allocation rate=0
W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 4 get requests, put_count=1069 evicted_count=1000 eviction_rate=0.935454 and unsatisfied allocation rate=0
W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 17722 get requests, put_count=9036 evicted_count=1000 eviction_rate=0.110668 and unsatisfied allocation rate=0.550615
I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:239] Raising pool_size_limit_ from 792 to 871
W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 6 get requests, put_count=1093 evicted_count=1000 eviction_rate=0.914913 and unsatisfied allocation rate=0
W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 6 get requests, put_count=1101 evicted_count=1000 eviction_rate=0.908265 and unsatisfied allocation rate=0
W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 3224 get requests, put_count=4684 evicted_count=2000 eviction_rate=0.426985 and unsatisfied allocation rate=0.200062
I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:239] Raising pool_size_limit_ from 1158 to 1273
W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 17794 get requests, put_count=17842 evicted_count=9000 eviction_rate=0.504428 and unsatisfied allocation rate=0.510228
I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:239] Raising pool_size_limit_ from 1400 to 1540
W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 31 get requests, put_count=1185 evicted_count=1000 eviction_rate=0.843882 and unsatisfied allocation rate=0
W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 40 get requests, put_count=8209 evicted_count=8000 eviction_rate=0.97454 and unsatisfied allocation rate=0
W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 0 get requests, put_count=2272 evicted_count=2000 eviction_rate=0.880282 and unsatisfied allocation rate=-nan
W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 0 get requests, put_count=2362 evicted_count=2000 eviction_rate=0.84674 and unsatisfied allocation rate=-nan
W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/pool_allocator.cc:227] PoolAllocator: After 38 get requests, put_count=5436 evicted_count=5000 eviction_rate=0.919794 and unsatisfied allocation rate=0

这是什么意思,是否意味着我遇到一些资源分配问题?在Titan X 3500+ CUDA和12 GB GPU上运行

参考资料:
Stack Overflow
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TensorFlow具有多个内存分配器,用于将以不同方式使用的内存。他们的行为具有某些适应性方面。

在您的特定情况下,由于您使用的是GPU,因此有一个用于CPU内存的PoolAllocator已预先向GPU注册以实现快速DMA。例如,将从该池中分配预期从CPU转移到GPU的张量。

PoolAllocators试图通过保持符合立即重用条件的已分配然后释放的块的池周围来分摊调用更昂贵的基础分配器的成本。它们的默认行为是缓慢增长,直到逐出速度降到某个常数以下。 (收回率是免费呼叫所占的比例,在空闲呼叫中,我们将未使用的块从池中返回到基础池中,以便不超过大小限制。)在上面的日志消息中,您看到“ Raising pool_size_limit_”行,显示了该池规模不断扩大。假设您的程序实际上具有稳定状态的行为,并且具有所需的最大块数集合,则该池将增长以容纳该块,然后不再增长。它以这种方式工作,而不是简单地保留所有曾经分配的块,从而仅在极少数情况下或仅在程序启动期间需要的大小就不太可能保留在池中。

如果您的内存不足,这些消息仅应引起关注。在这种情况下,日志消息可能有助于诊断问题。还要注意,只有在内存池增长到适当的大小后才能达到峰值执行速度。

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