在PHP中调整图片大小
image-processing
php
8
0

我想编写一些PHP代码,该代码会自动将通过表单上传的所有图片的大小调整为147x147px,但我不知道如何处理(我是相对的PHP新手)。

到目前为止,我已经成功上传了图像,可以识别文件类型并清理了名称,但是我想在代码中添加调整大小功能。例如,我有一个测试图像,大小为2.3MB,尺寸为1331x1331,我希望代码缩小尺寸,我想它也会大大压缩图像的文件大小。

到目前为止,我有以下几点:

if ($_FILES) {
                //Put file properties into variables
                $file_name = $_FILES['profile-image']['name'];
                $file_size = $_FILES['profile-image']['size'];
                $file_tmp_name = $_FILES['profile-image']['tmp_name'];

                //Determine filetype
                switch ($_FILES['profile-image']['type']) {
                    case 'image/jpeg': $ext = "jpg"; break;
                    case 'image/png': $ext = "png"; break;
                    default: $ext = ''; break;
                }

                if ($ext) {
                    //Check filesize
                    if ($file_size < 500000) {
                        //Process file - clean up filename and move to safe location
                        $n = "$file_name";
                        $n = ereg_replace("[^A-Za-z0-9.]", "", $n);
                        $n = strtolower($n);
                        $n = "avatars/$n";
                        move_uploaded_file($file_tmp_name, $n);
                    } else {
                        $bad_message = "Please ensure your chosen file is less than 5MB.";
                    }
                } else {
                    $bad_message = "Please ensure your image is of filetype .jpg or.png.";
                }
            }
$query = "INSERT INTO users (image) VALUES ('$n')";
mysql_query($query) or die("Insert failed. " . mysql_error() . "<br />" . $query);
参考资料:
Stack Overflow
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共 9 个回答
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您需要使用PHP的ImageMagickGD函数来处理图像。

以GD为例,它就像...

function resize_image($file, $w, $h, $crop=FALSE) {
    list($width, $height) = getimagesize($file);
    $r = $width / $height;
    if ($crop) {
        if ($width > $height) {
            $width = ceil($width-($width*abs($r-$w/$h)));
        } else {
            $height = ceil($height-($height*abs($r-$w/$h)));
        }
        $newwidth = $w;
        $newheight = $h;
    } else {
        if ($w/$h > $r) {
            $newwidth = $h*$r;
            $newheight = $h;
        } else {
            $newheight = $w/$r;
            $newwidth = $w;
        }
    }
    $src = imagecreatefromjpeg($file);
    $dst = imagecreatetruecolor($newwidth, $newheight);
    imagecopyresampled($dst, $src, 0, 0, 0, 0, $newwidth, $newheight, $width, $height);

    return $dst;
}

您可以像下面这样调用此函数...

$img = resize_image(‘/path/to/some/image.jpg’, 200, 200);

从个人经验来看,GD的图像重采样也确实大大减小了文件大小,尤其是在对原始数码相机图像重采样时。

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如果您不关心纵横比(即,您想将图像强制到特定尺寸),这是一个简化的答案

// for jpg 
function resize_imagejpg($file, $w, $h) {
   list($width, $height) = getimagesize($file);
   $src = imagecreatefromjpeg($file);
   $dst = imagecreatetruecolor($w, $h);
   imagecopyresampled($dst, $src, 0, 0, 0, 0, $w, $h, $width, $height);
   return $dst;
}

 // for png
function resize_imagepng($file, $w, $h) {
   list($width, $height) = getimagesize($file);
   $src = imagecreatefrompng($file);
   $dst = imagecreatetruecolor($w, $h);
   imagecopyresampled($dst, $src, 0, 0, 0, 0, $w, $h, $width, $height);
   return $dst;
}

// for gif
function resize_imagegif($file, $w, $h) {
   list($width, $height) = getimagesize($file);
   $src = imagecreatefromgif($file);
   $dst = imagecreatetruecolor($w, $h);
   imagecopyresampled($dst, $src, 0, 0, 0, 0, $w, $h, $width, $height);
   return $dst;
}

现在让我们处理上传部分。第一步,将文件上传到所需目录。然后根据文件类型(jpg,png或gif)调用上述函数之一,并按如下所示传递上载文件的绝对路径:

 // jpg  change the dimension 750, 450 to your desired values
 $img = resize_imagejpg('path/image.jpg', 750, 450);

返回值$img是资源对象。我们可以保存到新位置或覆盖原始位置,如下所示:

 // again for jpg
 imagejpeg($img, 'path/newimage.jpg');

希望这对某人有帮助。检查这些链接以获取更多有关调整Imagick :: resizeImageimagejpeg()大小的信息。

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我找到了一种数学方法来完成这项工作

Github回购-https: //github.com/gayanSandamal/easy-php-image-resizer

实时示例-https://plugins.nayague.com/easy-php-image-resizer/

<?php
//path for the image
$source_url = '2018-04-01-1522613288.PNG';

//separate the file name and the extention
$source_url_parts = pathinfo($source_url);
$filename = $source_url_parts['filename'];
$extension = $source_url_parts['extension'];

//define the quality from 1 to 100
$quality = 10;

//detect the width and the height of original image
list($width, $height) = getimagesize($source_url);
$width;
$height;

//define any width that you want as the output. mine is 200px.
$after_width = 200;

//resize only when the original image is larger than expected with.
//this helps you to avoid from unwanted resizing.
if ($width > $after_width) {

    //get the reduced width
    $reduced_width = ($width - $after_width);
    //now convert the reduced width to a percentage and round it to 2 decimal places
    $reduced_radio = round(($reduced_width / $width) * 100, 2);

    //ALL GOOD! let's reduce the same percentage from the height and round it to 2 decimal places
    $reduced_height = round(($height / 100) * $reduced_radio, 2);
    //reduce the calculated height from the original height
    $after_height = $height - $reduced_height;

    //Now detect the file extension
    //if the file extension is 'jpg', 'jpeg', 'JPG' or 'JPEG'
    if ($extension == 'jpg' || $extension == 'jpeg' || $extension == 'JPG' || $extension == 'JPEG') {
        //then return the image as a jpeg image for the next step
        $img = imagecreatefromjpeg($source_url);
    } elseif ($extension == 'png' || $extension == 'PNG') {
        //then return the image as a png image for the next step
        $img = imagecreatefrompng($source_url);
    } else {
        //show an error message if the file extension is not available
        echo 'image extension is not supporting';
    }

    //HERE YOU GO :)
    //Let's do the resize thing
    //imagescale([returned image], [width of the resized image], [height of the resized image], [quality of the resized image]);
    $imgResized = imagescale($img, $after_width, $after_height, $quality);

    //now save the resized image with a suffix called "-resized" and with its extension. 
    imagejpeg($imgResized, $filename . '-resized.'.$extension);

    //Finally frees any memory associated with image
    //**NOTE THAT THIS WONT DELETE THE IMAGE
    imagedestroy($img);
    imagedestroy($imgResized);
}
?>
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ZF蛋糕:

<?php

class FkuController extends Zend_Controller_Action {

  var $image;
  var $image_type;

  public function store_uploaded_image($html_element_name, $new_img_width, $new_img_height) {

    $target_dir = APPLICATION_PATH  . "/../public/1/";
    $target_file = $target_dir . basename($_FILES[$html_element_name]["name"]);

    //$image = new SimpleImage();
    $this->load($_FILES[$html_element_name]['tmp_name']);
    $this->resize($new_img_width, $new_img_height);
    $this->save($target_file);
    return $target_file; 
    //return name of saved file in case you want to store it in you database or show confirmation message to user



  public function load($filename) {

      $image_info = getimagesize($filename);
      $this->image_type = $image_info[2];
      if( $this->image_type == IMAGETYPE_JPEG ) {

         $this->image = imagecreatefromjpeg($filename);
      } elseif( $this->image_type == IMAGETYPE_GIF ) {

         $this->image = imagecreatefromgif($filename);
      } elseif( $this->image_type == IMAGETYPE_PNG ) {

         $this->image = imagecreatefrompng($filename);
      }
   }
  public function save($filename, $image_type=IMAGETYPE_JPEG, $compression=75, $permissions=null) {

      if( $image_type == IMAGETYPE_JPEG ) {
         imagejpeg($this->image,$filename,$compression);
      } elseif( $image_type == IMAGETYPE_GIF ) {

         imagegif($this->image,$filename);
      } elseif( $image_type == IMAGETYPE_PNG ) {

         imagepng($this->image,$filename);
      }
      if( $permissions != null) {

         chmod($filename,$permissions);
      }
   }
  public function output($image_type=IMAGETYPE_JPEG) {

      if( $image_type == IMAGETYPE_JPEG ) {
         imagejpeg($this->image);
      } elseif( $image_type == IMAGETYPE_GIF ) {

         imagegif($this->image);
      } elseif( $image_type == IMAGETYPE_PNG ) {

         imagepng($this->image);
      }
   }
  public function getWidth() {

      return imagesx($this->image);
   }
  public function getHeight() {

      return imagesy($this->image);
   }
  public function resizeToHeight($height) {

      $ratio = $height / $this->getHeight();
      $width = $this->getWidth() * $ratio;
      $this->resize($width,$height);
   }

  public function resizeToWidth($width) {
      $ratio = $width / $this->getWidth();
      $height = $this->getheight() * $ratio;
      $this->resize($width,$height);
   }

  public function scale($scale) {
      $width = $this->getWidth() * $scale/100;
      $height = $this->getheight() * $scale/100;
      $this->resize($width,$height);
   }

  public function resize($width,$height) {
      $new_image = imagecreatetruecolor($width, $height);
      imagecopyresampled($new_image, $this->image, 0, 0, 0, 0, $width, $height, $this->getWidth(), $this->getHeight());
      $this->image = $new_image;
   }

  public function savepicAction() {
    ini_set('display_errors', 1);
    ini_set('display_startup_errors', 1);
    error_reporting(E_ALL);

    $this->_helper->layout()->disableLayout();
    $this->_helper->viewRenderer->setNoRender();
    $this->_response->setHeader('Access-Control-Allow-Origin', '*');

    $this->db = Application_Model_Db::db_load();        
    $ouser = $_POST['ousername'];


      $fdata = 'empty';
      if (isset($_FILES['picture']) && $_FILES['picture']['size'] > 0) {
        $file_size = $_FILES['picture']['size'];
        $tmpName  = $_FILES['picture']['tmp_name'];  

        //Determine filetype
        switch ($_FILES['picture']['type']) {
            case 'image/jpeg': $ext = "jpg"; break;
            case 'image/png': $ext = "png"; break;
            case 'image/jpg': $ext = "jpg"; break;
            case 'image/bmp': $ext = "bmp"; break;
            case 'image/gif': $ext = "gif"; break;
            default: $ext = ''; break;
        }

        if($ext) {
          //if($file_size<400000) {  
            $img = $this->store_uploaded_image('picture', 90,82);
            //$fp      = fopen($tmpName, 'r');
            $fp = fopen($img, 'r');
            $fdata = fread($fp, filesize($tmpName));        
            $fdata = base64_encode($fdata);
            fclose($fp);

          //}
        }

      }

      if($fdata=='empty'){

      }
      else {
        $this->db->update('users', 
          array(
            'picture' => $fdata,             
          ), 
          array('username=?' => $ouser ));        
      }



  }  
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此资源也值得考虑-一些使用GD的非常整洁的代码。但是,我修改了他们的最终代码段以创建满足OP要求的此功能...

function store_uploaded_image($html_element_name, $new_img_width, $new_img_height) {

    $target_dir = "your-uploaded-images-folder/";
    $target_file = $target_dir . basename($_FILES[$html_element_name]["name"]);

    $image = new SimpleImage();
    $image->load($_FILES[$html_element_name]['tmp_name']);
    $image->resize($new_img_width, $new_img_height);
    $image->save($target_file);
    return $target_file; //return name of saved file in case you want to store it in you database or show confirmation message to user

}

您还需要包括此PHP文件...

<?php

/*
* File: SimpleImage.php
* Author: Simon Jarvis
* Copyright: 2006 Simon Jarvis
* Date: 08/11/06
* Link: http://www.white-hat-web-design.co.uk/blog/resizing-images-with-php/
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
* as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
* of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details:
* http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html
*
*/

class SimpleImage {

   var $image;
   var $image_type;

   function load($filename) {

      $image_info = getimagesize($filename);
      $this->image_type = $image_info[2];
      if( $this->image_type == IMAGETYPE_JPEG ) {

         $this->image = imagecreatefromjpeg($filename);
      } elseif( $this->image_type == IMAGETYPE_GIF ) {

         $this->image = imagecreatefromgif($filename);
      } elseif( $this->image_type == IMAGETYPE_PNG ) {

         $this->image = imagecreatefrompng($filename);
      }
   }
   function save($filename, $image_type=IMAGETYPE_JPEG, $compression=75, $permissions=null) {

      if( $image_type == IMAGETYPE_JPEG ) {
         imagejpeg($this->image,$filename,$compression);
      } elseif( $image_type == IMAGETYPE_GIF ) {

         imagegif($this->image,$filename);
      } elseif( $image_type == IMAGETYPE_PNG ) {

         imagepng($this->image,$filename);
      }
      if( $permissions != null) {

         chmod($filename,$permissions);
      }
   }
   function output($image_type=IMAGETYPE_JPEG) {

      if( $image_type == IMAGETYPE_JPEG ) {
         imagejpeg($this->image);
      } elseif( $image_type == IMAGETYPE_GIF ) {

         imagegif($this->image);
      } elseif( $image_type == IMAGETYPE_PNG ) {

         imagepng($this->image);
      }
   }
   function getWidth() {

      return imagesx($this->image);
   }
   function getHeight() {

      return imagesy($this->image);
   }
   function resizeToHeight($height) {

      $ratio = $height / $this->getHeight();
      $width = $this->getWidth() * $ratio;
      $this->resize($width,$height);
   }

   function resizeToWidth($width) {
      $ratio = $width / $this->getWidth();
      $height = $this->getheight() * $ratio;
      $this->resize($width,$height);
   }

   function scale($scale) {
      $width = $this->getWidth() * $scale/100;
      $height = $this->getheight() * $scale/100;
      $this->resize($width,$height);
   }

   function resize($width,$height) {
      $new_image = imagecreatetruecolor($width, $height);
      imagecopyresampled($new_image, $this->image, 0, 0, 0, 0, $width, $height, $this->getWidth(), $this->getHeight());
      $this->image = $new_image;
   }      

}
?>
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重要说明 :对于动画(调整动画的Webp或gif)大小,结果将是未动画但从第一帧开始已调整大小的图像!(原始动画保持不变...)

我将其创建到我的php 7.2项目(肯定为imagebmp(PHP 7> = 7.2.0): php / manual / function.imagebmp )中,关于techfry.com/php-tutorial ,并且带有GD2(因此没有第3方库)和与Nico Bistolfi的答案非常相似,但可以使用所有五种基本图像模仿类型( png,jpeg,webp,bmp和gif ),创建一个新的调整大小的文件,而无需修改原始文件,并且所有功能都集成在一个函数中,准备使用(复制并粘贴到您的项目中)。 (您可以使用第五个参数设置新文件的扩展名,或者,如果要保留原始名称,则可以保留它):

function createResizedImage(
    string $imagePath = '',
    string $newPath = '',
    int $newWidth = 0,
    int $newHeight = 0,
    string $outExt = 'DEFAULT'
) : ?string
{
    if (!$newPath or !file_exists ($imagePath)) {
        return null;
    }

    $types = [IMAGETYPE_JPEG, IMAGETYPE_PNG, IMAGETYPE_GIF, IMAGETYPE_BMP, IMAGETYPE_WEBP];
    $type = exif_imagetype ($imagePath);

    if (!in_array ($type, $types)) {
        return null;
    }

    list ($width, $height) = getimagesize ($imagePath);

    $outBool = in_array ($outExt, ['jpg', 'jpeg', 'png', 'gif', 'bmp', 'webp']);

    switch ($type) {
        case IMAGETYPE_JPEG:
            $image = imagecreatefromjpeg ($imagePath);
            if (!$outBool) $outExt = 'jpg';
            break;
        case IMAGETYPE_PNG:
            $image = imagecreatefrompng ($imagePath);
            if (!$outBool) $outExt = 'png';
            break;
        case IMAGETYPE_GIF:
            $image = imagecreatefromgif ($imagePath);
            if (!$outBool) $outExt = 'gif';
            break;
        case IMAGETYPE_BMP:
            $image = imagecreatefrombmp ($imagePath);
            if (!$outBool) $outExt = 'bmp';
            break;
        case IMAGETYPE_WEBP:
            $image = imagecreatefromwebp ($imagePath);
            if (!$outBool) $outExt = 'webp';
    }

    $newImage = imagecreatetruecolor ($newWidth, $newHeight);

    //TRANSPARENT BACKGROUND
    $color = imagecolorallocatealpha ($newImage, 0, 0, 0, 127); //fill transparent back
    imagefill ($newImage, 0, 0, $color);
    imagesavealpha ($newImage, true);

    //ROUTINE
    imagecopyresampled ($newImage, $image, 0, 0, 0, 0, $newWidth, $newHeight, $width, $height);

    // Rotate image on iOS
    if(function_exists('exif_read_data') && $exif = exif_read_data($imagePath, 'IFD0'))
    {
        if(isset($exif['Orientation']) && isset($exif['Make']) && !empty($exif['Orientation']) && preg_match('/(apple|ios|iphone)/i', $exif['Make'])) {
            switch($exif['Orientation']) {
                case 8:
                    if ($width > $height) $newImage = imagerotate($newImage,90,0);
                    break;
                case 3:
                    $newImage = imagerotate($newImage,180,0);
                    break;
                case 6:
                    $newImage = imagerotate($newImage,-90,0);
                    break;
            }
        }
    }

    switch (true) {
        case in_array ($outExt, ['jpg', 'jpeg']): $success = imagejpeg ($newImage, $newPath);
            break;
        case $outExt === 'png': $success = imagepng ($newImage, $newPath);
            break;
        case $outExt === 'gif': $success = imagegif ($newImage, $newPath);
            break;
        case  $outExt === 'bmp': $success = imagebmp ($newImage, $newPath);
            break;
        case  $outExt === 'webp': $success = imagewebp ($newImage, $newPath);
    }

    if (!$success) {
        return null;
    }

    return $newPath;
}
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只是简单地使用php函数:

// Read the image
$img = imagecreatefromjpeg("source_of_img.jpg");

// Now resize the image width = 200 and height = 200
$imgresize = imagescale($img, 200, 200);
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我创建了一个易于使用的库来调整图像大小。可以在Github上找到它。

有关如何使用该库的示例:

// Include PHP Image Magician library
require_once('php_image_magician.php');

// Open JPG image
$magicianObj = new imageLib('racecar.jpg');

// Resize to best fit then crop (check out the other options)
$magicianObj -> resizeImage(100, 200, 'crop');

// Save resized image as a PNG (or jpg, bmp, etc)
$magicianObj -> saveImage('racecar_small.png');

您需要的其他功能包括:

  • 快速轻松地调整大小-调整为横向,纵向或自动调整大小
  • 易收割
  • 添加文字
  • 质量调整
  • 水印
  • 阴影和倒影
  • 透明性支持
  • 读取EXIF元数据
  • 边框,圆角,旋转
  • 滤镜和效果
  • 影像锐化
  • 图像类型转换
  • BMP支持
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希望对您有用。

/**
         * Image re-size
         * @param int $width
         * @param int $height
         */
        function ImageResize($width, $height, $img_name)
        {
                /* Get original file size */
                list($w, $h) = getimagesize($_FILES['logo_image']['tmp_name']);


                /*$ratio = $w / $h;
                $size = $width;

                $width = $height = min($size, max($w, $h));

                if ($ratio < 1) {
                    $width = $height * $ratio;
                } else {
                    $height = $width / $ratio;
                }*/

                /* Calculate new image size */
                $ratio = max($width/$w, $height/$h);
                $h = ceil($height / $ratio);
                $x = ($w - $width / $ratio) / 2;
                $w = ceil($width / $ratio);
                /* set new file name */
                $path = $img_name;


                /* Save image */
                if($_FILES['logo_image']['type']=='image/jpeg')
                {
                    /* Get binary data from image */
                    $imgString = file_get_contents($_FILES['logo_image']['tmp_name']);
                    /* create image from string */
                    $image = imagecreatefromstring($imgString);
                    $tmp = imagecreatetruecolor($width, $height);
                    imagecopyresampled($tmp, $image, 0, 0, $x, 0, $width, $height, $w, $h);
                    imagejpeg($tmp, $path, 100);
                }
                else if($_FILES['logo_image']['type']=='image/png')
                {
                    $image = imagecreatefrompng($_FILES['logo_image']['tmp_name']);
                    $tmp = imagecreatetruecolor($width,$height);
                    imagealphablending($tmp, false);
                    imagesavealpha($tmp, true);
                    imagecopyresampled($tmp, $image,0,0,$x,0,$width,$height,$w, $h);
                    imagepng($tmp, $path, 0);
                }
                else if($_FILES['logo_image']['type']=='image/gif')
                {
                    $image = imagecreatefromgif($_FILES['logo_image']['tmp_name']);

                    $tmp = imagecreatetruecolor($width,$height);
                    $transparent = imagecolorallocatealpha($tmp, 0, 0, 0, 127);
                    imagefill($tmp, 0, 0, $transparent);
                    imagealphablending($tmp, true); 

                    imagecopyresampled($tmp, $image,0,0,0,0,$width,$height,$w, $h);
                    imagegif($tmp, $path);
                }
                else
                {
                    return false;
                }

                return true;
                imagedestroy($image);
                imagedestroy($tmp);
        }
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