没有变量可在Tensorflow中保存错误
tensorflow
tensorflow-serving
5
0

我试图保存模型,然后将其重新用于分类图像,但是不幸的是,在恢复已保存的模型时出现错误。

在其中创建模型的代码

# Deep Learning
# =============
# 
# Assignment 4
# ------------

# In[25]:

# These are all the modules we'll be using later. Make sure you can import them
# before proceeding further.
from __future__ import print_function
import numpy as np
import tensorflow as tf
from six.moves import cPickle as pickle
from six.moves import range


# In[37]:

pickle_file = 'notMNIST.pickle'

with open(pickle_file, 'rb') as f:
  save = pickle.load(f)
  train_dataset = save['train_dataset']
  train_labels = save['train_labels']
  valid_dataset = save['valid_dataset']
  valid_labels = save['valid_labels']
  test_dataset = save['test_dataset']
  test_labels = save['test_labels']
  del save  # hint to help gc free up memory
  print('Training set', train_dataset.shape, train_labels.shape)
  print('Validation set', valid_dataset.shape, valid_labels.shape)
  print('Test set', test_dataset.shape, test_labels.shape)
  print(test_labels)


# Reformat into a TensorFlow-friendly shape:
# - convolutions need the image data formatted as a cube (width by height by #channels)
# - labels as float 1-hot encodings.

# In[38]:

image_size = 28
num_labels = 10
num_channels = 1 # grayscale

import numpy as np

def reformat(dataset, labels):
  dataset = dataset.reshape(
    (-1, image_size, image_size, num_channels)).astype(np.float32)
  #print(np.arange(num_labels))
  labels = (np.arange(num_labels) == labels[:,None]).astype(np.float32)
  #print(labels[0,:])
  print(labels[0])
  return dataset, labels
train_dataset, train_labels = reformat(train_dataset, train_labels)
valid_dataset, valid_labels = reformat(valid_dataset, valid_labels)
test_dataset, test_labels = reformat(test_dataset, test_labels)
print('Training set', train_dataset.shape, train_labels.shape)
print('Validation set', valid_dataset.shape, valid_labels.shape)
print('Test set', test_dataset.shape, test_labels.shape)
#print(labels[0])


# In[39]:

def accuracy(predictions, labels):
  return (100.0 * np.sum(np.argmax(predictions, 1) == np.argmax(labels, 1))
          / predictions.shape[0])


# Let's build a small network with two convolutional layers, followed by one fully connected layer. Convolutional networks are more expensive computationally, so we'll limit its depth and number of fully connected nodes.

# In[47]:

batch_size = 16
patch_size = 5
depth = 16
num_hidden = 64

graph = tf.Graph()

with graph.as_default():

  # Input data.
  tf_train_dataset = tf.placeholder(
    tf.float32, shape=(batch_size, image_size, image_size, num_channels))
  tf_train_labels = tf.placeholder(tf.float32, shape=(batch_size, num_labels))
  tf_valid_dataset = tf.constant(valid_dataset)
  tf_test_dataset = tf.constant(test_dataset)

  # Variables.
  layer1_weights = tf.Variable(tf.truncated_normal(
      [patch_size, patch_size, num_channels, depth], stddev=0.1),name="layer1_weights")
  layer1_biases = tf.Variable(tf.zeros([depth]),name = "layer1_biases")
  layer2_weights = tf.Variable(tf.truncated_normal(
      [patch_size, patch_size, depth, depth], stddev=0.1),name = "layer2_weights")
  layer2_biases = tf.Variable(tf.constant(1.0, shape=[depth]),name ="layer2_biases")
  layer3_weights = tf.Variable(tf.truncated_normal(
      [image_size // 4 * image_size // 4 * depth, num_hidden], stddev=0.1),name="layer3_biases")
  layer3_biases = tf.Variable(tf.constant(1.0, shape=[num_hidden]),name = "layer3_biases")
  layer4_weights = tf.Variable(tf.truncated_normal(
      [num_hidden, num_labels], stddev=0.1),name = "layer4_weights")
  layer4_biases = tf.Variable(tf.constant(1.0, shape=[num_labels]),name = "layer4_biases")

  # Model.
  def model(data):
    conv = tf.nn.conv2d(data, layer1_weights, [1, 2, 2, 1], padding='SAME')
    hidden = tf.nn.relu(conv + layer1_biases)
    conv = tf.nn.conv2d(hidden, layer2_weights, [1, 2, 2, 1], padding='SAME')
    hidden = tf.nn.relu(conv + layer2_biases)
    shape = hidden.get_shape().as_list()
    reshape = tf.reshape(hidden, [shape[0], shape[1] * shape[2] * shape[3]])
    hidden = tf.nn.relu(tf.matmul(reshape, layer3_weights) + layer3_biases)
    return tf.matmul(hidden, layer4_weights) + layer4_biases

  # Training computation.
  logits = model(tf_train_dataset)
  loss = tf.reduce_mean(
    tf.nn.softmax_cross_entropy_with_logits(logits, tf_train_labels))

  # Optimizer.
  optimizer = tf.train.GradientDescentOptimizer(0.05).minimize(loss)

  # Predictions for the training, validation, and test data.
  train_prediction = tf.nn.softmax(logits)
  valid_prediction = tf.nn.softmax(model(tf_valid_dataset))
  test_prediction = tf.nn.softmax(model(tf_test_dataset))


# In[48]:

num_steps = 1001
#saver = tf.train.Saver()
with tf.Session(graph=graph) as session:
  tf.initialize_all_variables().run()
  print('Initialized')
  for step in range(num_steps):
    offset = (step * batch_size) % (train_labels.shape[0] - batch_size)
    batch_data = train_dataset[offset:(offset + batch_size), :, :, :]
    batch_labels = train_labels[offset:(offset + batch_size), :]
    feed_dict = {tf_train_dataset : batch_data, tf_train_labels : batch_labels}
    _, l, predictions = session.run(
      [optimizer, loss, train_prediction], feed_dict=feed_dict)
    if (step % 50 == 0):
      print('Minibatch loss at step %d: %f' % (step, l))
      print('Minibatch accuracy: %.1f%%' % accuracy(predictions, batch_labels))
      print('Validation accuracy: %.1f%%' % accuracy(
        valid_prediction.eval(), valid_labels))
  print('Test accuracy: %.1f%%' % accuracy(test_prediction.eval(), test_labels))
  save_path = tf.train.Saver().save(session, "/tmp/model.ckpt")
  print("Model saved in file: %s" % save_path)

一切正常,模型存储在相应的文件夹中。

我又创建了一个python文件,尝试在其中恢复模型,但在那里出现错误

# In[1]:
from __future__ import print_function
import numpy as np
import tensorflow as tf
from six.moves import cPickle as pickle
from six.moves import range


# In[3]:

image_size = 28
num_labels = 10
num_channels = 1 # grayscale
import numpy as np


# In[4]:

def accuracy(predictions, labels):
  return (100.0 * np.sum(np.argmax(predictions, 1) == np.argmax(labels, 1))
          / predictions.shape[0])


# In[8]:

batch_size = 16
patch_size = 5
depth = 16
num_hidden = 64

graph = tf.Graph()

with graph.as_default():

  '''# Input data.
  tf_train_dataset = tf.placeholder(
    tf.float32, shape=(batch_size, image_size, image_size, num_channels))
  tf_train_labels = tf.placeholder(tf.float32, shape=(batch_size, num_labels))
  tf_valid_dataset = tf.constant(valid_dataset)
  tf_test_dataset = tf.constant(test_dataset)'''

  # Variables.
  layer1_weights = tf.Variable(tf.truncated_normal(
      [patch_size, patch_size, num_channels, depth], stddev=0.1),name="layer1_weights")
  layer1_biases = tf.Variable(tf.zeros([depth]),name = "layer1_biases")
  layer2_weights = tf.Variable(tf.truncated_normal(
      [patch_size, patch_size, depth, depth], stddev=0.1),name = "layer2_weights")
  layer2_biases = tf.Variable(tf.constant(1.0, shape=[depth]),name ="layer2_biases")
  layer3_weights = tf.Variable(tf.truncated_normal(
      [image_size // 4 * image_size // 4 * depth, num_hidden], stddev=0.1),name="layer3_biases")
  layer3_biases = tf.Variable(tf.constant(1.0, shape=[num_hidden]),name = "layer3_biases")
  layer4_weights = tf.Variable(tf.truncated_normal(
      [num_hidden, num_labels], stddev=0.1),name = "layer4_weights")
  layer4_biases = tf.Variable(tf.constant(1.0, shape=[num_labels]),name = "layer4_biases")

  # Model.
  def model(data):
    conv = tf.nn.conv2d(data, layer1_weights, [1, 2, 2, 1], padding='SAME')
    hidden = tf.nn.relu(conv + layer1_biases)
    conv = tf.nn.conv2d(hidden, layer2_weights, [1, 2, 2, 1], padding='SAME')
    hidden = tf.nn.relu(conv + layer2_biases)
    shape = hidden.get_shape().as_list()
    reshape = tf.reshape(hidden, [shape[0], shape[1] * shape[2] * shape[3]])
    hidden = tf.nn.relu(tf.matmul(reshape, layer3_weights) + layer3_biases)
    return tf.matmul(hidden, layer4_weights) + layer4_biases

  '''# Training computation.
  logits = model(tf_train_dataset)
  loss = tf.reduce_mean(
    tf.nn.softmax_cross_entropy_with_logits(logits, tf_train_labels))

  # Optimizer.
  optimizer = tf.train.GradientDescentOptimizer(0.05).minimize(loss)'''

  # Predictions for the training, validation, and test data.
  #train_prediction = tf.nn.softmax(logits)
  #valid_prediction = tf.nn.softmax(model(tf_valid_dataset))
  #test_prediction = tf.nn.softmax(model(tf_test_dataset))

# In[17]:

#saver = tf.train.Saver()
with tf.Session() as sess:
  # Restore variables from disk.
  tf.train.Saver().restore(sess, "/tmp/model.ckpt")
  print("Model restored.")
  # Do some work with the model

我得到的错误是:

没有变量要保存

任何帮助,将不胜感激

参考资料:
Stack Overflow
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共 2 个回答
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这里的错误非常微妙。在In[8] ,创建一个名为graphtf.Graph ,并with graph.as_default():块将其设置为默认值。这意味着所有变量都在graph中创建,并且如果您打印graph.all_variables()您应该会看到变量列表。

但是 ,您在创建(i) tf.Session和(ii) tf.train.Saver之前退出with块。这意味着会话和保护程序是在不同的图中创建的(全局默认tf.Graph ,当您未显式创建一个并将其设置为默认值时使用),该图中不包含任何变量,也不包含任何节点所有。

至少有两种解决方案:

  1. 正如Yaroslav所建议的那样 ,您可以在不使用with graph.as_default():块的情况下编写程序,从而避免了与多个图形的混淆。然而,这可能导致命名不同小区之间的碰撞在你的IPython的笔记本,使用时,这是尴尬tf.train.Saver ,因为它使用的name一个财产tf.Variable作为检查点文件的密钥。

  2. 您可以在with graph.as_default():块的内部创建保护程序,并使用显式图创建tf.Session ,如下所示:

     with graph.as_default(): # [Variable and model creation goes here.] saver = tf.train.Saver() # Gets all variables in `graph`. with tf.Session(graph=graph) as sess: saver.restore(sess) # Do some work with the model.... 

    或者,您可以在with graph.as_default():块的内部创建tf.Session ,在这种情况下,它将使用graph进行所有操作。

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您正在In[17]中创建一个新会话,该会话将擦除您的变量。另外,如果只有一个默认图和一个默认会话,则无需with块一起使用with而可以执行以下操作

sess = tf.InteractiveSession()
layer1_weights = tf.Variable(tf.truncated_normal(
  [patch_size, patch_size, num_channels, depth], stddev=0.1),name="layer1_weights")
tf.train.Saver().restore(sess, "/tmp/model.ckpt")
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